Medicine Wheel Teaching a hoax
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This was posted on Indianz.com and bears repeating:

Medicine Wheel Teaching a hoax

Andrea Bear Nicholas
Chair in Native Studies
St. Thomas University
Fredericton, NB, Canada
April 24, 2007

To Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and Passamaquoddy Peoples of the Maritimes:

It has been repeatedly brought to my attention how completely our people have been fooled into believing that the viagra cialis online pharmacy pharmacy wheel is somehow part of our traditions, especially our spirituality. While I had long had concerns about its origins, what woke me to the hoax was an event that occurred several years ago at a national conference of Aboriginal women scholars. It occurred when I raised the concern and prefaced my remarks with an apology to those whose tradition it might have been. Immediately a chorus went up with virtually everyone in the room saying loudly that it was not their tradition! And these were Aboriginal women scholars from across Canada!

Subsequent to that meeting, we in the Native Studies Program at St. Thomas University began researching the history of the medicine wheel, and what we have found is appalling!

Indeed, it was not even known by our people in the Maritimes until the last couple of decades. It is not anywhere in the oral traditions of Maliseet, Mi'kmaq or Passamaquoddy people collected as recently as the 70s and 80s. So how in the world could it represent the knowledge of our elders, if none of them ever heard of it until recently? The answer is that it was a totally invented tradition that was foisted on our people only as recently as the 1970s.

The following is an excerpt from a paper I have written which is due to be published soon. It is titled "The Assault on Aboriginal Oral Traditions: Past & Present." I include in this paper an analysis of the assault on our languages, as the most important of our oral traditions, specifically the fact that our languages have been deliberately targeted for destruction, not only by residential schools, but also by public schools and all schools taught only in a dominant language such as English. The paper also deals with the fact that so many of the stories of our people have been both distorted and often totally invented or fabricated by non-First Nations people. It is in connection with the destruction of our languages that I discuss the matter of invented traditions, especially the medicine wheel, as follows.

[Begin quote] "It is into this void [where so many people no longer speak their languages] that invented traditions have come with a vengeance. One such "tradition", the medicine wheel, is of particular concern for it is now widely promoted as the basis of Maliseet or Mi'kmaq traditions. In fact, it was invented as recently as 1972.

(1) by a man representing himself as Cheyenne, but who was immediately exposed as a fraud.

(2) The medicine wheel is not a Maliseet or Mi'kmaq tradition, nor, it seems, was it a Cheyenne tradition. Within two decades, however, it evolved into the form it is known today, thanks to the embellishments of several others, including the discredited "plastic medicine man" known as Sun Bear, who exploited the idea for their own personal gain.

(3) The irony is that this now very non-Native invention is seen as the essence of Native traditions, not only by the dominant society but also by First Nations people, even many who style themselves as "traditionalists", in spite of the fact that the enormity of the fraud has been known at least since 1983.

(4) With the 1996 publication of a Native Studies textbook that features the medicine wheel,

(5) the concept has been foisted upon a whole generation of Maliseet and Mi'kmaq high school students who now firmly believe that this invention is an old Mi'kmaq and Maliseet tradition.

Furthermore, Native Studies teachers in New Brunswick high schools are now provided with supplementary binders and curriculum materials that are totally focused on the medicine wheel. That this philosophy has effectively and almost totally displaced the oral traditions of our people in schools, makes it impossible to conclude that it does not serve the ends of the ongoing colonial assault on the traditions of our people. That this headlong rush for an invented tradition has occurred without critical attention to its origin as a hoax is a serious indictment of academia, and particularly those institutions that have taken on the responsibility of training First Nations teachers.

(6) The sad irony is that anyone who now voices objections to the medicine wheel as tradition is generally condemned for "messing" with tradition." [End of quote]

I put these comments out knowing that they will stir up much reaction and discussion, and that they will even be considered disrespectful, to say the least! I just hope that the discussion it provokes is respectful. As an indigenous academic my duty is to seek the truth, and to speak out against untruth, particularly with regard to our history. In fact, I now realize it would be disrespectful of me to hold my tongue on this matter any longer, especially when I know that young people are being taught this hoax as some sort of truth or legitimate tradition of our peoples, even in school.

I urge people to read the following footnotes to the excerpt quoted above, and the sources they cite before weighing in on this matter.

Respectfully,
Andrea Bear Nicholas

(1) Storm, Hyemeyohst, Seven Arrows, New York: Ballantine Books, 1972.

(2) Kehoe, Alice B., "Primal Gaia: Primitivists and Plastic Medicine Men", in James B. Clifton, ed., The Invented Indian: Cultural Fictions and Government Policies, New Brunswick & London: Transaction Publishers, 1990, p. 200.

(3) Sun Bear and Wabun, The Medicine Wheel, New Jersey: Prentice-Hill, 1980. Judy Bopp, The Sacred Tree, Lethbridge, Alberta: Four Worlds Development Project, University of Lethbridge, 1988; and Lorler, Marie-Lu, Shamanic Healing within the Medicine Wheel, Albuquerque: Brotherhood of Life, 1989. For a critique of this idea and other New Age phenomena Aldred, Lisa, 2000. "Plastic Shamans and Astroturf Sun dances: New Age Commercialization of Native American Spirituality" in The American Indian Quarterly, vol. 24(3):329-352; and Jenkins, Philip, Dream Catchers: How Mainstream America Discovered Native Spirituality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

(4) Parkhill, Thomas, Weaving Ourselves into the Land: Charles Godfrey Leland, "Indians" and the Study of Native American Religions, Albany: State University of New York., 1997. p. 141, citing Alice Kehoe, "Primal Gaia: Primitivists and Plastic Medicine Men", p. 200-201, who in turn cites Castro, Michael, Interpreting the Indian, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982, p. 155; and Bruchac, Joseph, "Spinning the Medicine Wheel: The Bear Tribe in the Catskills", in Akwesasne Notes, 1983, vol. 15(5):20-22.

(5) Leavitt, Robert, Maliseet & Micmac: First Nations of the Maritimes, Fredericton, NB: New Ireland Press, 1995. .

(6) Dorson, Richard M., Folklore and Fakelore: Essays toward a Discipline of Folk Studies, Cambridge & London, Harvard University Press, 1976, p. 119.

Source: indianz.com

Edit: 22 May 2010 added image of 'Medicine Wheel'

Tags: aboriginal, bear tribe, canada, first nations, four, fraud, hoax, medicine, medicine man, medicine wheel, new age, pan-indianism, quebec, shaman, sun bear, symbol, tradition, traditional, wabun, young, youth

Chapter 14 - Hamilton Motel
funuluna
I got a phone call from Derek on a Wednesday evening telling me to meet him down in Hamilton the next night at 8pm. He was in a motel for a couple of nights for work and this evening it was boring so he wanted me there for Thursday night. It was a bit of a pain having to drive to Hamilton but I didn't think of an excuse fast enough... so had to do it.



Arriving about 7:45pm after finding the motel, I knocked on the door and Derek let me in before grabbing me around the kneck as soon as he'd locked the door. "About fucking time you got here bitch.. my dicks been hard for the last hour... get over to the chair and get on your knees!" He hauled me towards the chair while forcing me down onto my knees as he sat down, pulling my head into the groin of his trackpants. "Get your fucking nose in there bitch... feel my hard fucking dick!.... you're gonna look after my dick all fucking night.... you haven't got fucking pregnant to me yet you fucking bitch... so... you're going to have my dick inside that pussy all fucking night... you're to give me a fucking male heir..... bitch... I want a son for my successor... so you'll be taking my breeding seed all fucking night... gonna try and make sure you get fertilised before we leave here.... you hear me bitch?!!... I'm gonna make a baby in that tight little pussy of yours..."



'Here we go again' I thought. There's no way I'm getting pregnant to him. Anyway, he can't usually manage more then a couple of erections and climaxes overnight - so after all the usual theats he'll only manage to rape me probably fairly soon, then once more in the morning. I'll be asleep the rest of the time.. LOL.



His dick was hard in his pants, and very warm through the material and he was really grinding my face into it. He had a hand around the back of my head pulling me into him and I could hardly breath, a beer in the other hand. I could tell he didn't have any underwear on and was also had his leather cock-strap around the base of his cock and balls. The cock-strap always makes his dick and balls stand out more, not that he needs to that but it does tend to make him a bit more sexually aggressive when he's wearing it. Will also make him more aware of his own "equipment" having himself encircled tightly with leather. It certainly does when he occasionally harnesses my cock and balls up. Probably makes himself feel more dominant too.



Derek finished the beer he was having and made me get up and get another one from the fridge. When I came back he had his dick out over the top of his waistband and pulled me back down onto it. "Take the head in your fucking mouth bitch... just hold it in there and lick around the head... yea... keep going just like that till I've finished this beer... then you're getting it up inside that pussy of yours... so keep it hard... and lick all that pre-cum."



He was really ozzing pre-cum and I was forced to keep it all in my mouth, and swollow it. His pre-cum always had a strong musky taste as it ozzed out of his uncut dick and I tried to avoid it whenever possible. It humiliated me, and reminded me what was about to be injected up inside my arse. It made me always imagine big wads of his overpowering strong sperm squelching way up inside me after he forces a load into me. But I couldn't avoid the taste this time as he drank his beer and forced me to lick it off his dick while also breathing in the strong aroma of his trackpants crotch. Whenever I tried to pull away a bit he'd #&*(& ^()*&$hjkL:m fu*kit........



"Get off the keyboard bitch! I'm gonna tell this story. Kneel down over my thigh and get that fucking face into my army pants... yea... now fucking stay there and keep my dick hard!"



Hamilton. Yea, got the bitch to come down as I had to stay one more fucking night for work reasons. I'd also got some viagra earlier in the week and wanted to try it on the bitch. Well, it's not Viagra but something called "Cialis" which is meant to be better and lasts longer. Viagra only lasts 3 or 4 hours and this stuff's meant to last about 12. That should take care of the overnight breeding anyway. The bitch doesn't know what's in store if this stuff works - and there's no way I'm going to let the cat out of the bag. What the bitch doesn't know won't hurt him. Well, on second thoughts it might hurt him!



Anyway, had another beer while the bitch sucked and licked my dick which was hard as. Took a 10mg cialis pill about an hour before the bitch arrived so I'd be ready. You don't stay hard all the time or anything, it's just as soon as something stimulates your dick it leaps to fucking life and is ready to go. The bitch was doing that nicely while I finished my beer. Only had three up to this point. When the bottle was empty I hauled the bitch off my dick and got him kneeling on the floor, bent over the side of the bed. Pulled his jeans down his thighs and yanked down my trackpants as I knelt behind him before leaning over his back and forcing my dick between his legs. Let the bitch feel it there for a couple of minutes as he tried to struggle before forcing him to reach around and lube me up. Still kneeling and leaning hard over his back to keep the bitch in position I worked my big dick up into the bitch. Nothing he could do to stop me. It was like we were two dogs with the fucking bitch unable to escape from me as I took his tight little pussy.



In that position I was inside there real deep with the bitch struggling and whimpering. As I held my dick all the way up inside the bitch I picked my tracks off the floor and stuffed them under his face. "Think you can get away from me bitch?... got news for you... my dick fucking RULES and that pussy's fucking mine!... dominate you whenever I want.... now take my fucking dick!!" I slowly fucked his pussy in that position for four or five minutes before pulling out and hauling the bitch up onto his front in the bed. Arse up. Pulled his jeans right off while my big dick lubed waved around all over the place then slid back inside the bitch after putting my tracks back under his face.



Felt really good opening his pussy up again and pushing through his tight muscle. Right back up into the bitch. I like the bitch having to take the whole thing while he squirms around trapped underneath me. Making him feel what it's like to have a MAN inside his pussy. And the whole length of his pussy is clamped around my DICK, which his entry muscle contracted around the base of my big shaft. Then I just use my hips to slowly thrust and extra inch or so, expanding my fucking cock-head as far as it will go. Make the bitch whimper every time.



My dick was rock hard and I had to take it easy so I wouldn't shoot too soon. Wanted to make the bitch feel really used! Not worth getting the bitch down for just a two minute fuck. But if this "Cialis" works his little pussy is sure gonna be sore by the morning! My dick probably will be too. Whatever. If it feels good, do it. I managed to hold off for about twenty minutes. The bitch whimpering and squirming underneath me. I then got him up on his knees to lift his pussy up, but kept his face down burried against my tracks. I was inside him to the hilt. Told the bitch I was going to get him fucking pregnant tonight then gave my dick a few harder thrusts for a couple of minutes before blowing. The first load of breeding seed jetted way up inside the bitch as he whimpered and squirmed. Love having that power over the bitch. Physically and sexually dominated. Shooting my raw seed and forcing the bitch to take it all. I pumped so much spunk this time that it was leaking our of his pussy!





There's not much more to tell really. The "Cialis" worked as advertised and the bitch spent the next eight hours or so overnight alternating between having his face in my crotch or being fucked. With his mouth or hand or arse around my dick it always got hard. This stuff was GOOD. I'd also jacked off last night into a pair of worn underpants so I used them in his face overnight instead of my tracks. Made the bitch go and lightly dampen them so my spunk was re-constituted before his nose was buried in them. When I was fucking him I could smell it myself. Anyway, it reminded him what was going up into his pussy.





I think I shot off about 4 or 5 times overnight, can't really remember. I just kept fucking the bitch every which way, but also just kept lying for long periods half behind and half on top, with my dick shoved way up inside the bitch. That was a bit of a head-trip. He kept trying to resist but my dick was in his pussy about half the fucking night, I do remember that. Really fucking dominated and raped the bitch. And I remember shooting a final rather feeble load into the bitch last thing in the morning. My balls were totally drained by then. But raw seed is raw seed and his pussy was squelching with my fucking spunk as I wouldn't let him get rid of it.



Really get off on that ultimate domination every time I feel my fucking seed squirting into the bitch. My own fucking climax of course and you know what that feels like, but with the added head-trip of forcing the struggling whimpering bitch underneath me to TAKE every fucking squirt. Dominant enforced bitch breeding!!



I made him drive back home in the morning with it all still inside him. The bitches pussy would have been sore and bursting by the time he got home. That's what a bitch is for anyway, taking care of my dick and my fucking man-seed. Hopefully it did it's job. I'll have to get me some more Cialis I think.

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